Diabetes & Weight Management

The primary goal of weight management is to prevent the accumulation of excess body fat, or to reduce body fat to an acceptable level in order to prevent/aid further associated health risks such as Heart attack, stroke, angina, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes to name but a few. Weight loss is commonly recommended for treating diabetes by improving insulin action via enhancing the insulin signaling pathways which lead to glucose transport within skeletal muscle.

If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, you will need to pay special attention to certain aspects of your lifestyle and health.

Diabetes doesn't have to stop you from leading the life you want. Nor does it mean you'll necessarily have other serious health problems in the future.

With careful management you can ensure you control the condition and it doesn't control you. This will allow you to stay healthy, active and to live a full life.

Without taking these measures, you are putting yourself at an increased risk of health problems, which could force you to change your lifestyle entirely.



When you were diagnosed, you should have been assigned to a diabetes care team who will have explained the most important aspects of managing your condition.

You may also have learned to monitor your blood glucose (sugar) level regularly, and to understand how it is affected by food and exercise.

If you need help to keep your blood glucose level stable, you may have been prescribed diabetes medication, or insulin to inject.

In order to stay well, it's important to use these aspects of your treatment properly. But it's also important you take other steps to help manage the condition and lower your risk of further health problems.Learning to manage your diabetes takes time, patience and effort. You may also be coping with difficult emotions after diagnosis, such as anger, confusion or depression.



Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes put you at increased risk of:

• Heart disease
• Stroke
• Circulation problems
• Nerve damage
• Foot ulcers
• Blindness, caused by diabetic retinopathy
• Kidney damage
• Skin lesions
• Damage to breast tissue in women
• Muscle-wasting and damage to ligaments and joints



There's a lot you can do to minimize your risk of these problems.

First, it's important you take your insulin and other medicines properly.

As well as taking your medicines or insulin, there are a few key steps you can take to prevent or delay the health complications associated with diabetes.

• Maintain a healthy weight – This will help control your blood glucose level, as well as your blood pressure and cholesterol.

• Eat a healthy, balanced diet that’s low in fat, salt and sugar – This doesn’t mean you can never eat biscuits or cakes again, but try to eat sugary and fatty foods in moderation.

• Don’t smoke – If you do smoke, find support to help you stop. Smoking increases your risk of heart disease and stroke even further.

• Get active for 30 minutes a day, five times a week – This helps you stay at a healthy weight and maintain good general health. This may include structured Physical exercise or increasing physical activity in general.

• Check your feet every day – The nerve damage that can occur in diabetes most commonly affects feet.

• Keep your appointments with your diabetes care team – Regular check-ups once every three months are an important part of managing your diabetes.

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